New IRS Tax Rule on Tips added to Large Party Food Tickets
An updated IRS tax rule on tips is causing restaurants to rethink the practice of adding automatic tips to the tabs of large parties.
Starting in January, the IRS will begin classifying those automatic gratuities as service charges—which it treats as regular wages, subject to payroll tax withholding—instead of tips, which restaurants leave up to the employees to report as income.
The change would mean more paperwork and added costs for the restaurants—and a potential financial hit for waiters and waitresses who live on their tips but don’t always report them fully.
Darden Restaurants Inc., owner of Olive Garden, LongHorn Steakhouse and Red Lobster, has long included automatic 18% tips on the bill for parties of eight or more at its more than 2,100 restaurants, but is experimenting with eliminating them because of the IRS ruling, said a spokesman. … “I think the vast majority of restaurant owners will discontinue the practice,” says Denise Wheeler, an employment attorney in Fort Myers, Fla., who represents several restaurant chains. …
The change comes amid increasing costs and record-keeping requirements for restaurants. In January, restaurants with 50 or more full-time workers will be required to offer health coverage to employees working 30 or more hours a week, though penalties don’t begin until 2015.
Restaurants adopted automatic gratuities to help ensure that their servers—whose tips supplement a salary that is often less than the federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour—weren’t stiffed on large tabs. But many servers are likely to support dropping the practice because they don’t like the idea of their tips being treated as wages, which requires upfront withholding of federal taxes, and means they won’t see that tip money until payday.
Article Taken from: Paul L. Caron, The Wall Street Journal, dated 9/6/2013